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Resources to help you properly cite using MLA, APA, and other style formats.


Works Cited List - Guide Principles

Directions for how to cite using MLA style has changed from the 7th edition to the 8th edition. Please use this new set of guidelines to create your MLA Works Cited list. Refer to the MLA Handbook in the library or the MLA website help page for a detailed explanation.

The new style states that the following elements should be used in the below order for creating a citation for all types of sources. If one of the elements is not available, then move to the next one on the list. For some citations 3-9 will repeat. For example, if you found a journal article in an article database, such as Academic Search Complete. The journal is the first container (steps 3-9) and the database is the second container (repeat steps 3-9). Please refer to the MLA Quick Guide and the MLA 8th Practice Template for further explanation.

Image from:

"Works Cited: A Quick Guide." The MLA Style Center: Writing Resources from the Modern Language
. Modern Language Association (MLA), 2016,

Works Cited List - Citation Format Examples

These are examples of some of the more common citations, but your citation might vary depending on the information available about your resource. When creating your citation use the list of elements 1-9.



Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. Bantam Books, 1986.


Manning, Harriet J. Ashgate. Popular and Folk Music Series: Michael Jackson and the
     Blackface Mask
. Routledge, 2016. ProQuest ebrary,
     +jackson+blackface+mask. Accessed 23 June 2016.

Newspaper, print

Perez, Rob. "City Pushes to Keep Its Elevated-Rail Plan." Honolulu Advertiser,18 Jan.
     2010, pp. B1+.

Newspaper, online

Knopper, Steve. “How Hip-Hop Lost its Group Dynamic.” Wall Street Journal - Eastern
, 14 Aug. 2015, pp. D1+. Academic Search Complete,
     108888871&site=ehost-live. Accessed 23 June 2016.

Magazine, print Hitchens, Christopher. "Bring the Pope to Justice." Newsweek, vol. 155, no. 18, 3 May
     2010, pp. 42-43.
Magazine, online

Samuels, Allison, et al. “Battle for the Soul of Hip-Hop.” Newsweek, vol. 136, no. 15, 9 Oct.
     2000, pp. 58-65. Academic Search Complete,
     live. Accessed 23 June 2016.

Journal Article, print

Molina, Natalia. "In A Race All Their Own: The Quest to Make Mexicans Ineligible for U.S.
     Citizenship." Pacific Historical Review, vol. 79, no. 2, May 2010, pp. 167-201.

Journal Article, online

Boyer, Holly and Aimee Graham. “Hip Hop in the United States.” Reference & User
     Services Quarterly
, vol. 55, no. 3, Spring 2016, pp. 215-218. Academic Search
     login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=114060504&site=ehost-live. Accessed 23
     June 2016.

Video, online

Rhyme Pays: Hip-Hop and the Marketing of Cool. Films Media Group, 2004. Films On
, Accessed
     23 June 2016.

Image, online

Micelotta, Frank. VH1 Hip Hop Honors - Show. 3 Oct. 2004, photograph.
     Encycloaedia Britannica ImageQuest,
     _2768747/VH1-Hip-Hop-Honors---Show. Accessed 23 June 2016.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), et al. “CDC: Zika Virus.” Centers for
     Disease Control and Prevention
, 11 Feb. 2016, Accessed 2 Aug.

Note about URLs:
  • remove the http:// before the URL (MLA Handbook 110)
  • include the date you accessed the source since online materials change or can be removed at any time (MLA Handbook 53)

These are examples of some of the more common citations, but your citation might vary depending on the information available about your resource. When creating your citation use the list of elements 1-9.

Works Cited Page Format

The format of the Works Cited page has not changed.

MLA Help from MLA

MLA Help from the Purdue OWL

Need more help understanding how to cite using MLA style? 

In-text Citations (Paranthetical Documentation)

In MLA style you briefly credit sources with parenthetical citations in the text of your paper. Generally, a parenthetical citation includes the author's last name and the page number(s) of the information used: (Smith 127)
For specific examples of parenthetical documentation, refer to the
OWL at Purdue University.

Need to check your citations? Use the MLA Handbook!

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